Yucatan Peninsula - Holidays, Flights and Hotels
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The Yucatán Peninsula separates the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. The peninsula lies east of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, a northwestern geographic partition separating the region of Central America from the rest of North America.
The peninsula comprises the Mexican states of Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo; the northern part of the nation of Belize; and Guatemala's northern department of El Petén. Mexican states situated on the isthmus to the west of the peninsula include Chiapas and Tabasco.
The peninsula is mainly composed of limestone. Cenotes or sinkholes are widespread; they were the main water source for both ancient and contemporary Maya people. Paleontologists have theorised that the dinosaurs became extinct when an asteroid hit the earth. According to the Alvarez hypothesis, the Yucatán Peninsula is site of this impact. The impact centering on the current-day town of Chicxulub. See Chicxulub Crater.
The boundaries between northern Guatemala (El Petén), Mexico (Campeche and Quintana Roo) and western Belize are still occupied by the largest continuous tracts of tropical rainforest in Central America; these forests are suffering extensive deforestation. Short- and tall tropical jungles were the predominant natural vegetation types of the peninsula.
Information provided by Wikipedia
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The Yucatán peninsula is famous for being the center of the classical Mayan empire, with its stunning ruins at Chichén Itzá and other sites. Many tourists are surprised that, while those cites were abandoned before contact with europeans, Yucatan is still predominantly Mayan. Mayan culture, identity, traditions, and language are very much alive, especially outside of main cities.
Away from beaches and tourist hotels going around in a bathing suit or short shorts is not considered proper and thought rude.
Spanish is the main language. English will be understood at the more expensive resorts and tourist locations. Knowing a few phrases of basic Spanish will help away from the main tourist resorts and can often help you find better deals. Yucatecos are generally tolerant of visitors who do not speak Spanish fluently and appreciate the effort.
In much of the Yucatan some Maya is spoken. Except in a few small villages, almost everyone will have at least a working knowledge of basic Spanish.