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Mauritania is generally flat, its 1,030,700 square kilometers (397,850 sq mi) forming vast, arid plains broken by occasional ridges and clifflike outcroppings. A series of scarps face southwest, longitudinally bisecting these plains in the center of the country. The scarps also separate a series of sandstone plateaus, the highest of which is the Adrar Plateau, reaching an elevation of 500 meters (1,640 ft). Spring-fed oases lie at the foot of some of the scarps. Isolated peaks, often rich in minerals, rise above the plateaus; the smaller peaks are called guelbs and the larger ones kedias. The concentric Guelb er Richat is a prominent feature of the north-central region. Kediet Ijill, near the city of Zouīrāt, has an elevation of 1,000 meters (3,280 ft) and is the highest peak.

Brief History of Mauritania

From the 3rd to 7th centuries, the migration of Berber tribes from North Africa displaced the Bafours, the original inhabitants of present-day Mauritania and the ancestors of the Soninke. The Bafours were primarily agriculturalist, and among the first Saharan people to abandon their historically nomadic lifestyle. With the gradual desiccation of the Sahara, they headed south. Following them came a migration of not only Central Saharans into West Africa, but Berbers and Arabs as well. By the 11th century, the once small Bafour people had grown into a very large and wealthy Soninke empire-Ghana, which stretched from Mauritania into the neighboring states of Senegal and Mali. Likewise, in the North, the Arab-Berber population had achieved an impressive empire of their own, the territory of which stretched across the Mediterranean into Spain and Portugal. Local nomadic Berber tribes, on the other hand, though influential, remained largely without power, having been conquered by the Soninke.

Information provided by Wikipedia

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Public Holidays in Mauritania
January 1 - New Year's Day
January 20 - Islamic New Year
March 31 - Prophet's Birthday
May 1 - Labour Day
May 25 - Africa Day
October 13 - Eid al Fitr (End of Ramadan)
November 28 - Independence Day
December 20 - Eid al Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)